Improving the Financial Stability and Environmental Sustainability of Ghana’s Energy Sector

Accra, Ghana. Photo Credit: Canva/Kwame Kwegyir-Addo

The cost of power to the industry at 19 cents per kilowatt hour is over 30 percent of production cost to industry. The high cost of electricity tariffs continues to render industry uncompetitive” — Seth Twum Akwaboah, Chief Executive Officer, Association of Ghana Industries.

Ghana has faced a series of energy challenges, including high fuel costs to the power sector, that severely threaten economic growth. These costs have trickled down, leading to high production costs in industries, ultimately reducing Ghana’s price competitiveness in regional and world markets.

To address escalating fuel prices, Power Africa provided technical assistance to the Government of Ghana to identify and implement solutions to mitigate bottlenecks in power generation and reduce costs.

Power Africa’s support contributed significantly to reducing the cost of electricity generation by 19 percent, lowering the overall cost of gas utilized by the sector, and leading to a milestone savings of more than $1 billion over five years.

These measures included the 2019 relocation of the 450 MW Karpowership Power Barge, which successfully eliminated Karpowership’s consumption of expensive, imported heavy fuel oil, reduced annual spending on fuel, and facilitated the switch from liquid fuel to natural gas. The switch from liquid fuel to gas for electricity generation will result in a projected 6-million-metric-ton reduction in CO2 emissions over a 10-year period, a substantial drop in a country where total annual CO2 emissions were estimated at 42 million metric tons in 2016.

Power Africa also supported completion of the Takoradi-Tema Interconnection Project (TTIP) in May 2020, which has enabled more consumers to use domestic gas and created an outlet for gas that otherwise would have been stranded. In addition, the TTIP has saved $269 million in annual fuel costs, with a projected 10-year reduction in CO2 emissions of more than 5 million metric tons. The total emissions savings from both activities is equivalent to removing the emissions produced by 27 percent of the cars on Ghana’s roadways.

Power Africa remains committed to working in collaboration with the Government of Ghana to stabilize the finances of the country’s energy sector.

A U.S. Government-led partnership that seeks to add 30,000 MW and 60 million electricity connections in sub-Saharan Africa by 2030 >